|The impact of HIV on the mucosal compartment is now well recognized and contributes to driving immune activation, a characteristic of HIV pathogenesis. The mucosal immune system is greatly affected by HIV from the first days of the infection. A massive depletion of the mucosal CD4+ T cells, over production of chemokines and cytokines and dysregulation of the epithelial barrier are some of the mucosal hallmarks of HIV infection.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.