|HIV/AIDS continues to be a health crisis for African Americans, with women being significantly impacted. Heterosexual contact is the primary mode of transmission for African American women, thus there is a need to examine the emotional, historical, and sociocultural factors promoting unprotected sex among this population. Both media and public health attention to this problem has increased in recent years. Nevertheless, many heterosexual African American women are not concerned about contracting HIV, nor do they perceive it to be a major health risk directly affecting them. One prominent risk for African American heterosexual women is the risk behaviors of their male partners. It is known that African American heterosexual women prefer African American male partners; rates of HIV are high among African American men, as well. Risk behaviors, such as concurrent sexual relationships and sex while under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol, in male partners who have sex with both men and women place African American women at risk for HIV/AIDS.