|Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by episodes of reversible breathing problems due to airway narrowing and obstruction. It is long-term condition caused by environmental or genetic factors. The common triggers of asthma include pollen, tobacco, smoke, dust mite, cold air etc., symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing. Chronic asthma may lead to permanent narrowing of airways. The other associated conditions of asthma are gastro-esophageal reflux disease, rhino sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea. There is no cure but it can be managed with medication along with change of life style by avoiding exposure to triggering agents. Treatment of acute symptoms is generally with an inhaled short-acting beta-2 agonist and oral corticosteroids.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.