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Maxillofacial Injuries

Interpersonal violence/ assault which have been established as the commonest etiology of maxillofacial injuries in the developed countries are now increasingly becoming a major cause in Nigeria and underlying factors seems to be the same or a little different. The most common cause of oral and maxillofacial injuries in Nigeria still remains road traffic accidents, but injuries from other causes are gradually increasing. The prevalence of assault in our study was 23.0%; this was comparable to the study of Obimakinde from the southwest where assault constituted about 21.8% but in contrast to that of Olasoji who reported a prevalence of 57.1% from the north eastern part of the country. The higher figure from this part of the country was mainly due to the lifestyle of the people in the region. The animals are reared and moved through long distances destroying cash crops, leading to clashes between farmers and cattlemen. Recently, there are also changing trends in India with assault taking the lead. Scalp injuries were the commonest site for soft tissue; likewise we recorded cases of frontal bone fractures and associated head injuries as well as midfacial and lower jaw injuries. An Analysis of Maxillofacial Injuries due to Assault from Non Projectile Weapons in Patients Reporting to the Tertiary Care Hospital in Port Harcourt: BO Akinbami, SE Udeabor
 
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