Eye is a vital organ in terms of vision and an important component of facial expression. Loss of an eye has a crippling effect on the psychology of a patient leading to significant physical and emotional problems. Surgical removal of an eye is inevitable in situations like irreparable trauma, malignant orbital tumors, infections, painful blind eye and sympathetic ophtalmia. According to Scoll (1982) enucleation is a surgical procedure in which the globe and the attached portion of the optic nerve are excised from the orbit. Evisceration is removal of the contents of globe while leaving the sclera and extra ocular muscles intact. Exenteration is the most radical of the three procedures and involves removal of the eye, adnexa, and part of the bony orbit.
Prosthetic rehabilitation of patients following enucleation with an ocular prosthesis at the earliest is necessary to provide optimum cosmetic and functional result and thus improve their social status. An ocular prosthesis is a maxillofacial prosthesis that artificially replaces an eye missing as a result of trauma, surgery or congenital absence. The prosthesis does not replace missing eyelids or adjacent skin, mucosa or muscle. The ocular prosthesis does not provide vision. It is a thin hard acrylic shell like artificial eye that covers the entire surface of the eye restoring it to a normal appearance. Modified Impression Technique for Fabrication of a Custom Made Ocular Prosthesis: Smita Sara Manoj
Last date updated on June, 2014