Reconstructive surgical procedure concerned with reducing disfigurement that may occur as a result of accidents, birth defects or treatment for diseases. Reconstructive surgery mainly focuses on restoration of defect or failed form and function of the body part, maxillo-facial surgeons, otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons perform the reconstructive surgery to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer. Reconstruction of injured soft tissues following a trauma is an quite complex task. The surgical treatment for reconstruction of body defects that might be caused due to accident following trauma depends upon various constraints like wound character and other associated injuries and complexity of the defect. Microsurgical treatment procedure and free flap transfers technique provide exhaustive recovery for patients with least morbidity and improved functional integrity.
Heavy soft tissue injuries might crave free tissue transfer. The advanced free flap transfer techniques like fasciocutaneous flaps and anterolateral thigh flap are used in reconstructive surgeries which can produce optimal aesthetic and functional results. Skeletal Reconstruction involves bone grafting to prevent further soft tissue defects and to maintain structural integrity in case of significant bone loss and tissue fragments. On the other hand body reconstruction technique involves reshaping facial and body tissue whose appearance or functionality has been affected by a disease or for cosmetic reasons.
Last date updated on May, 2014