|Patients who cannot be transfused for medical or religious reasons present unique management challenges in the setting of high anticipated intraoperative blood loss. Bloodless surgery is a relatively new discipline within perioperative care with the intent of safely avoiding transfusion while maintaining acceptable patient outcomes. As bloodless surgery becomes increasingly mainstream, we can aspire to see this level of coordinated patient care take root and influence preoperative care more broadly as bloodless procedures evolve in such diverse fields. Online Journals are scholarly and peer reviewed journals. The journals provide forum and motivates scientists, researchers, academics, engineers, and practitioners in all aspects to share their professional and academic knowledge in the fields computing, engineering, humanities, economics, social sciences, management, medical science, and related disciplines. Online Journals also aims to reach a large number of readers worldwide with original and current research work completed on the vital issues of the above important disciplines. The journals permit all readers to read, view, download and print the full-text of all published articles without any subscription or restrictions.