Spinal anesthesia is also known as spinal analgesia or spinal block that includes the types of anesthesia where local anesthetic is injected near spinal cord and nerve roots to obstruct the entire region of the body the sensations of pain. Spinal anesthesia is used primarily for surgery of the lower abdomen and the legs. In spinal anesthesia muscles are relaxed and there is usually less blood loss than with other methods. Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Last date updated on July, 2020