Thoracotomy is one of the most painful surgical stimuli currently practiced. Inadequate management of post-thoracotomy pain can increase patients discomfort and it is often associated with postoperative pulmonary and cardiac complications. Thoracic epidural analgesia was considered to be the most effective method of pain control and it remains the gold standard to treat post-thoracotomy pain; however, in the last few years evidences have suggested that paravertebral nerve block can be at least as effective as epidural analgesia for analgesia in thoracotomy. The top open access journals are peer reviewed scholarly journals of Hypertension: Open Access. The top open access journals are freely available on the public internet domain, allowing any end users to read, download, copy, distribute, prink, search or link to the full texts of the articles. These provide high quality, meticulously reviewed and rapid publication, to cater the insistent need of scientific community. These journals are indexed with all their citations noted. The top open access journals are indexed in MEDLINE, PUBMED, SCOPUS, COPERNICUS, CAS, EBSCO and ISI.
Last date updated on May, 2021