A pathogen can be explained in the broadest sense is anything that can produce disease. The disease caused by microorganisms such as a virus, bacterium, prion, fungus or protozoan that causes disease in its host. If the host is animal, it is described as animal pathogens some of the diseases that are caused by viral pathogens include smallpox, influenza, mumps, measles, chickenpox, ebola and rubella. An animal disease research facility has been prosecuted by the Health and Safety Executive for breaching the Specified Animal Pathogens Order (SAPO) 2008, the first time the legislation has been used. The Specified Animal Pathogens Order 2008 (as amended) prohibits any person from having in their possession any Specified Animal Pathogen listed in the Schedule to the Order (for example, avian flu or rabies) or any carrier in which he/she knows such a pathogen is present, and from introducing into any animal any pathogen listed in the Schedule, except under the authority of a license. Foot-and-mouth disease (""FMD"") is a âSpecified Animal Pathogenâ for the purposes of this Order.
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Last date updated on June, 2014