As housing demand in India is continuously growing, different government schemes are being implemented to cater to the need of mass housing for the poor and lower income group people. Use of appropriate Costeffective Eco-friendly Construction Technologies (CECT) in housing sector in India has the potential to be the most appropriate in terms of economy and acceptability. The reduced cost of building, enhancement of comfort level and non-compromise on safety may establish appropriateness of CECT, which will also act as a market force and demand for such technologies is expected to grow-up. Previously the appropriateness of CECT in Indian context was never explored. This paper studied the acceptability and adaptability potential of different CECTs through field survey, literature study and technical calculations and tried to find out the most appropriate one among those. Some of the widely practiced CECTs in India are (i) Compressed Stabilised Earth Block (CSEB), (ii) Bamboo-Reinforced Cement Concrete (BRCC), (iii) Rat-trap bond Wall and Filler Slab. Several other technologies and alternate materials promoted by different research organisations including Central Building Research Institute are also capable to reduce cost in building construction. But their production and use require either special machinery or special craftsman. Those are, therefore, have very much limited use in different showcase projects at small pockets within the country. Society for excellence in Habitat development, Environment protection and Employment generation has compiled the Environment Friendly Indian Building Material Technologies for Cost Effective Housing. The said document has discussed on 25 such materials/technologies, out of which 15 are for structural part of the building.
Last date updated on May, 2014