alexa Aspergillus Flavus|omicsgroup|Journal Of Plant Pathology And Microbiology

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Aspergillus Flavus

Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) are usually infected by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus during pre and post-harvest periods subsequently resulting in aflatoxin contamination. Thirteen peanut varieties were evaluated for kernel and pod colonization and infection by A. flavus in this study. The pods and kernels were examined under a microscope for A. flavus infection levels. Differences in mean ratings of infected peanut kernels and pods were observed after 10 days of artificial inoculation and incubation. More differences were observed among the mean ratings of peanut kernels and pods with invisible mycelial surface coverage. However, these mean differences were not statistically significant P ≥ 5. Peanut varieties with the biggest mean ratings of kernels and pods with invisible mycelia or no visible sign of infection and smallest mean ratings of infected pods and kernels could be considered tolerant to A. flavus colonization and infection in this study. Therefore, there is a need to promote the cultivation of these varieties by farmers as they have low levels of infection and subsequently low level of aflatoxin contamination. OMICS Group International is one of the leading Open Access Publishers which is publishing 700+ peer-reviewed journals with the support of 50,000+ editorial board members as editorial team and aimed to disseminate the scholarly knowledge to the scientific society. OMICS Group also organizing 3000+ International Scientific Conferences and events yearly all over the world with the support of 1000+ Scientific associations worldwide. Citation: Olwari F, Bisikwa J, Kaaya AN, Okello DK (2013) Tolerance Levels of Peanut Varieties against Aspergillus flavus Infection. J Plant Pathol Microb 4: 195
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Last date updated on July, 2014

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