Automation is that the use of assorted management systems for in operation instrumentation like machinery, processes in factories, boilers and warmth treating ovens, shift in phonephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, craft and alternative applications with least or reduced human intervention. In recent years, Open Access is the format of providing unlimited access via the Internet to peer-reviewed scholarly journal papers. It is also increasingly being provided to theses, such as scholarly monographs and book chapters. The articles in Open access journal can be obtained more quickly than the one in conventional journal. Moreover the manuscripts can be published fast for Open Access. Because of the free access open access journals impact factors are improving. Open access journal articles are essentially peer-reviewed and available for access through the directory of Open Access journals.
Open access is a good solution. Readers are completely free to get and distribute the publications at anytime, anywhere in the world, as long as they can access the internet. The power of internet is never overestimated. The more readers we have, the higher citation frequency we get, and then the higher reputation is established which in return attracts more distinguished authors. It is a beneficial cycle. Another benefit of open access is the quick publication, always presenting timely research state of the art to readers. As a good example, the open access journal Optics Express became a leading journal in optics just after several years of foundation, with IF even exceeding that of Optics Letters.
Automation or automatic control, is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated. Automation is the independent accomplishment of a function by a device or system that was formerly carried out by a human.
Last date updated on June, 2014