Low back pain is a common disorder that involves the muscles and bones of the back. Low back pain can be classified according to the duration such as acute, sub-chronic, or chronic. The condition can be further classified by the underlying cause such as mechanical, non-mechanical, or referred pain. Though lower back pain is extremely common, its symptoms and severity vary greatly. A simple lower back muscle strain may be so much excruciating such that an emergency room visit is needed, while a degenerating disc might cause only mild and intermittent discomfort.
The treatment of acute nonspecific low back pain is generally done with conservative measures like using the use of simple pain medications and the continuation of as much normal activity as the pain allows. Medications are recommended till the duration they are helpful, with acetaminophen as the preferred first medication. Low back pain is not a specific disease but it is rather a complaint which is generally caused by a large number of underlying problems of different levels of seriousness. They can be due to non-serious muscle or skeletal issues such as sprains or strains. Other reasons that may cause low back pain are obesity, smoking, stress and poor physical condition. A full list of possible causes includes many less common conditions.
Last date updated on February, 2021