Biochips refer to the complete fundamental functional unit, capable of performing multi biochemical tasks simultaneously. Tissue chips on the other hand are similar miniaturized units that can replace a tissue or some part of it, enabling the organ to work normally. Both biochips & tissue chips have been elemental in tissue engineering technology and have proven to be of utmost importance in the same arena. DNA microarray also called as biochip in simple terms consists of a two dimensional grid system where upon sensors or solid flat substrates are incorporated. These solid substrates can be either positively charged just like silicon or glass or can also be consisting of integrated circuitry units that perform best in signal transduction studies. Technological advances have affected all aspects of modern day life and continue to offer exceptional benefits that were once considered unrealistic. Clinical chemistry is the latest sphere of this technological revolution with the introduction of an automated Biochip Array System Simultaneous multianalyte testing will enable patient profiling and help clinicians build more accurate diagnostic knowledge which will in the long term, be conducive to a better healthcare system for all. Future technology trends include array technologies such as glycomics and tissue/cell arrays.
Last date updated on July, 2014