A biofuel is a hydrocarbon that is made by a living organism that we humans can use to power something. This definition of a biofuel is rather formal.Any hydrocarbon fuel that is produced from organic matter in a short period of time is considered a biofuel. This shows with fossil fuels, which take millions of years to form and with other types of fuel which are not based on hydrocarbons.
Biofuels are tricky to understand is that they need not be made by a living organism, though they can be. Biofuels can also be made through chemical reactions, carried out in a laboratory or industrial setting, that use organic matter to make fuel. The only real requirements for a biofuel are that the starting material must be CO2 that was fixed by a living organism and the final fuel product must be produced quickly and not over millions of years.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Last date updated on September, 2014