It is recognized that middle income countries in the tropics that provides large fraction of the world's biodiversity could obtain substantial benefits from their biodiversity. The challenge has been to increase the economic value of sustainable uses of biodiversity in order to justify the conservation of habitat in its natural state. Promising strategies for meeting this challenge include ecotourism obtained from forest, and ecosystem services, such as the provision of clean water. Here the focus is on how bioprospecting, the investigation of biodiversity as a source of useful medicines.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel âroadsâ towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is âself-archivingâ (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Last date updated on April, 2021