It is recognized that middle income countries in the tropics that provides large fraction of the world's biodiversity could obtain substantial benefits from their biodiversity. The challenge has been to increase the economic value of sustainable uses of biodiversity in order to justify the conservation of habitat in its natural state. Promising strategies for meeting this challenge include ecotourism obtained from forest, and ecosystem services, such as the provision of clean water. Here the focus is on how bioprospecting, the investigation of biodiversity as a source of useful medicines.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results. Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
Last date updated on September, 2014