By Ecosphere I mean the whole Earth ,a deep magma sediment layer, an atmospheric layer, a water layer, the biotic communities at the surface, together with their contained assemblages of organisms - the biotic communities that have evolved and within which organisms are intricately linked. When left to operate in its timeless old way, the Ecosphere has proved itself to be an intensely stable and generative system, but necessarily supported by an external source of energy, the Sun.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on September, 2014