By Ecosphere I mean the whole Earth ,a deep magma sediment layer, an atmospheric layer, a water layer, the biotic communities at the surface, together with their contained assemblages of organisms - the biotic communities that have evolved and within which organisms are intricately linked. When left to operate in its timeless old way, the Ecosphere has proved itself to be an intensely stable and generative system, but necessarily supported by an external source of energy, the Sun.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
Last date updated on February, 2021