By Ecosphere I mean the whole Earth ,a deep magma sediment layer, an atmospheric layer, a water layer, the biotic communities at the surface, together with their contained assemblages of organisms - the biotic communities that have evolved and within which organisms are intricately linked. When left to operate in its timeless old way, the Ecosphere has proved itself to be an intensely stable and generative system, but necessarily supported by an external source of energy, the Sun.
For 3.5 billion years organisms and ecosystems have been integral elements of the evolution and gradual emergence of the Ecosphere. Organisms and ecosystems together created the Ecosphere (with essential energy from the sun) as humans found it. We are ourselves one consequence of the workings of the highly stable and complex functioning of the emerging Ecosphere. But what exactly are these functions? What are the linkages between them and to what extent are they mutually exclusive.
The top open access journals are peer reviewed scholarly journals of Biodiversity Bioprospecting and Development. The top open access journals are freely available on the public internet domain, allowing any end users to read, download, copy, distribute, prink, search or link to the full texts of the articles. These provide high quality, meticulously reviewed and rapid publication, to cater the insistent need of scientific community. These journals are indexed with all their citations noted. The top open access journals are indexed in MEDLINE, PUBMED, SCOPUS, COPERNICUS, CAS, EBSCO and ISI.
Last date updated on July, 2021