|Health Care Ethics means being true to the patient i.e. providing care and treatment that deliver medical benefits, reflect what's important to the patient's well-being, and respect what the patient wants. Ethics give us a framework to help work through those uncertainties and develop a plan of action that is focused on the patient's well-being and wishes, and is respectful of the concerns of the patient's family and the patient's professional caregivers.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.