The evolution of chemical and biological weapons is broadly categorized into four phases. World War I saw the introduction of the first phase, in which gaseous chemicals like chlorine and phosgene were used in Y pres .The second phase ushered in the era of the use of nerve agents e.g. tabun, a cholinesterase inhibitor, and the beginnings of the anthrax and the plague bombs in World War II. The Vietnam War in 1970 constituted the third phase which was characterized by the use of lethal chemical agents e.g. Agent Orange, a mix of herbicides. Stimulation of hormonal function results in defoliation and crop destruction.
Arun Kumar; Biothreats - Bacterial Warfare Agents
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Last date updated on July, 2014