|Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell especially the chromosomes. It includes routine investigation of G-banded chromosomes, other cytogenetic banding methods as well as molecular cytogenetics such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In the event of procedures which allowed very simple enumeration of chromosomes, discoveries were quickly made associated to aberrant chromosomes or chromosome number. In some congenital disorders, such as Down syndrome, cytogenetics disclosed the nature of the chromosomal defect: a "simple" trisomy.
Academic journals are periodicals in which researchers publish their findings, mostly the recent ones. Academic journals are typically peer-reviewed journals that publish theoretical discussions and articles that critically review already published work. Academic journals serve as an important forum for researchers and academicians from where they can access important information about recent developments in their field. These journals are the first choice for any in-depth examination of an issue related to science. Science as we know is scarcely imaginable without the academic journal. OMICS Group International Journals fall under the academic category as they strictly adhere to peer-review process and follow the format by publishing mostly the original work. OMICS International journals publish periodically and contain a series of articles in each published issue.