According to the Cartagena Protocol, biosafety (known also as biosecurity or bio containment) is defined as a discipline dealing with the prevention of the loss of the biological integrity and with its safeguard and preservation from natural and anthropogenic hazards. The long-standing activities in biosafety generally identify the main issues such as environmental risks, human and animal health risks, genetic pollution, agricultural risks etc. Biosafety aims to protect the biological diversity from the potential hazards posed by the movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from inventions of modern biotechnology from one country to another.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on January, 2021