Biosecurity is defined differently according to various disciplines. It is explained as a set of preventive measures designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious diseases in crops and livestock, quarantined pests and living modified organisms The term was first used by the agricultural and environmental communities. It is indeed a response to the threat of biological terrorism; biosecurity encompasses the prevention of the intentional removal of biological materials from research laboratories. These preventative measures are a combination of systems and practices put into its place at legitimate bioscience laboratories to prevent the use of dangerous pathogens and toxins for malicious use, as well as by customs agents and agricultural and natural resource managers to prevent the spread of these biological agents in natural and managed environments. Biosecurity encompasses that it requires the cooperation of scientists, technicians, policy makers, security engineers, and law enforcement officials. The general Components of a laboratory biosecurity program include: Physical security; Material control & accountability; Transport security; Information security; Program management.
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Last date updated on June, 2014