Macroscopic examination: Macroscopic examination refers to the visual examination of the taken liquid. It is done to evaluate quality and homogeneity of the test sample indicating the flow of material.
Microscopical examination: This examination is to analyze the character of the liquid: normal, tumoral, inflammatory or infectious. It can also determine the causal infectious agent such as bacteria, yeast, mould, parasite or virus.
Analyzers: Analyzers are used to detect the better reproducibility of the results of proportioning by the use of robotics and spectrophotometry.
Cultures: Culture media is the main part of clinical examination. It allows knowing about the description of one or several infectious agents responsible of the clinical signs.