Sporotrichosis is a rare, acute or chronic fungal infection caused by the dimorphic fungus sporothrix schenkii. This fungus grows in decaying vegetable matter like timber in mines, thorns, rose shrubs, soil, tree barks, and animal droppings. It occurs sporadically in many countries but has been particularly common in mining areas of South Africa. Infection usually results from percutaneous inoculation of infected wood splinters or thorns. It usually occurs in people occasionally exposed to the organism like mine workers, farm workers, gardeners and florists.