Acute stress disorder, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be seen in people who have been sexually assaulted. The aim of this study is to evaluate the socio-demographic characteristics of cases that are exposed to sexual assault and their relationship with PTSD. The forensic reports of 175 sexual assault cases were analyzed retrospectively who were assessed in terms of physical and mental health disorders by Hatay Forensic Medicine Directorate between January 2011-March 2013. Of all victims, 143 (81,7%) were female and 32 (18,3%) were male. The ages of cases were ranged between 1 and 71 (median: male: 12, female: 16). It was determined that PTSD was developed in 47 victims after sexual assault and 3 cases were referred to a higher center. Sexual assaults were occurred more often in the home environment and victims were assaulted by people they knew (n: 123, 70,3%). PTSD development was significantly higher in victims who were assaulted by anal and vaginal route (p<0,001). There was no significant difference in the presence of PTSD between male and female victims. However it is observed that presence of PTSD increases with age (p<0,05). As a conclusion it is found that sexual assault by anal and vaginal region and older ages are the significant risk factors for development of PTSD.Â
Source: Çelikel et al.