Rice is the staple food for the majority of the world’s population.Globally, rice is cultivated on an estimated 160 m ha annually. Although the U.S contributes only 2% of world rice production from less than 1% of world’s acreage, the U.S is one of topfiveglobal exporters of rice. Insect pests pose a major biotic threat to rice production throughout the world. In the U.S, the rice water weevil (RWW), Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is the most destructive insect pest of rice. In addition to the RWW, a number of other pests can attack rice during the seedling, vegetative and early reproductive phases of rice development.importance of these pests varies regionally. In Arkansas, for example, Colaspis sp. can be important pests of young rice and can severely reduce early season stands. In Louisiana and Texas, several Lepidopterans are important, including the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and the sugarcane borer.