The emergence of a global economic system has vastly increased interdependencies between geogra-phically separated markets. This development began after World War II, gained momentum with the rapid industrialization of Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea in the 1960s, China’s economic reforms and liberalization beginning in the 1970s, followed by the ascent of India and several Latin American economies. Globalization received a further boost with the fall of the Iron Curtain, which began the process of incorporating Eastern Europe and territories of the former Soviet Union into the world economy. The aggregate growth of national economies on all continents has had a tremendous impact and has already significantly changed the global balance of economic power. In the most advanced industrial economies- those with the highest labor costs- there has been a shift away from price toward competition based on innovation while production of goods where small price differences determine market success, have moved to economies with low labor costs. This process has not yet run its full course.