alexa Immunosuppression Induced by HIV Infection

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Immunosuppression Induced by HIV Infection

Immunosuppression due to HIV infection is a resultant of several factors including defective innate signaling pathways, increased viral replication and virus load, gradual loss of peripheral CD4+T cells and depletion of T lymphocytes at mucosal sites that collectively lead to progressive immune deficiency and AIDS development. T cells derived from HIV patients were anergic and failed to mount a robust adaptive immune response. The host, on the other hand, becomes vulnerable to opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis and AIDS-related cancer such as Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer with remarkable level of immunosuppression. Elucidation of the various mechanisms involved in these immunologic perturbations is necessary to understand HIV pathogenesis for an effective immunotherapy.

Citation: https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/immunosuppression-induced-by-hiv-infection-0974-8369.1000e111.php?aid=30992

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