The search for an excellent level of health care provision, coupled with the need for the rational use of treatment and prevention methods for kinetic-functional disorders has resulted in physiotherapists making decisions within their routine practice based on scientific evidence. The term “evidence-based medicine” emerged in the 1980’s to describe the problem-based learning used by McMaster University Medicine School. Evidence-based practice (EBP) and evidence-based health care comprise the same concepts and principles of evidencebased medicine; such terms are used by different professionals and in different health care contexts. EBP has been sustained by a tripod that takes into account the synthesis of the best external evidence or research, the professional experience of the health care provider and the values and preferences of the patient, i.e. focusing on the patient and family. Research undertaken judiciously provides certainty to assist in clinical decision making.