Portal hypertension (PH) is a common clinical syndrome that is most often caused by liver cirrhosis. PH can also be caused by many noncirrhotic etiologies. Based on the site of portal flow obstruction, it is classified as pre-hepatic, hepatic, post-hepatic. Prehepatic portal hypertension (PPH) can be associated with any disease that causes the obstruction of portal vein, such as portal vein thrombosis. Gastrointestinal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of PH and is most commonly caused by esophageal varices or gastric varices. Other causes for bleeding include portal hypertensive gastropathy, enteropathy, gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), etc. Treatment for GI bleeding from portal hypertensive gastroenteropathy is to reduce portal hypertension. Here we report a case of intraabdominal tubercular lymphadenopathy leading to PPH, portal hypertensive gastroenteropathy and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Citation: Dan X, Feng L, Wang W, Yang L (2014) Abdominal Tuberculosis Leading to Prehepatic Portal Hypertension: A Case Report. J Cytol Histol 5:278.