Abiotic stress factors, such as drought, salinity, temperature extremes (high and low) and submergence cause significant yield losses. In the past decade, advances in ‘omics’ technologies has enhanced our genetic and molecular understanding of plant response to various abiotic stresses. Currently, numerous stress-responsive genes have been identified and functionally analyzed in transgenics. However, very limited success has been achieved in producing abiotic stress-tolerant cultivars. Therefore, there is a great need to identify novel genes/ pathways for effectively improving plant tolerance to abiotic stresses. Recently, metabolic pathways involved in abiotic stress responses have gained attention of researchers, a better understanding of which can help achieve this target. In this review, a brief overview of recent finding highlighting the importance of metabolic pathways in abiotic stress responses is presented.