Microbial polymers aka exopolysaccharides (EPS) portray diversified roles with respect to human utilization in various fields which includes textile industry, medicine, dairy industry, agricultural industry, bakery industry, civil industry as well as oil industry and cosmetics, neutraceuticals, etc. depicting their biotechnological significance. The market potential of exopolysaccharides has attracted the researchers to show interest towards EPS production. An increasing awareness for environment and new look for applications of greener technology will probably go for microbes as a renewable resource of exopolysaccharides. Moreover, some modifications in natural polymers can augment the mechanical properties and the degradable rate of fabrics. Some important microbial polymers having emerging role in textile world are briefly discussed in this article.