alexa Improve lab on chip devices using Nanotechnology

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Improve lab on chip devices using Nanotechnology

The current state-of-the art in Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) technology provides a paradigm shift for medical diagnostics. In lieu of sending out test samples to laboratories for analysis, healthcare providers could potentially use LOC devices to test patients at point-of-care facilities, thus diminishing analysis time from days to minutes. This diagnostic speed is critically important for time-dependent medical treatments such as diagnosing a viral infection in an elderly immune-compromised patient or pinpointing biological warfare agents from an exposed solider. By condensing a modern chemistry laboratory onto a microsized LOC device, diagnostic testing in remote or resource-poor locations is also made possible. The advantages of LOCs are compelling, but designing and fabricating these devices are challenging; LOC technology has been widely researched but still remains rarely commercialized. LOC devices are typically comprised of complex networks of channels, valves/pumps, and chambers coupled with biofunctionalized, nanostructured surfaces to detect target analytes from biological serum.

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