An induced abortion is a procedure that is done to end a pregnancy. Most induced abortions are done in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Before the procedure, a test is done to confirm the pregnancy. The health care provider will ask questions about your health and perform a physical exam. Blood tests will be done. An ultrasound exam may be done to confirm the date of the pregnancy. In most cases, a counselor is available to answer any questions. Abortion is a low-risk procedure; however, on rare occasions the following complications may occur:
Incomplete abortion although rare, in some cases the pregnancy is not removed completely. Bleeding and infection may occur.
Infection an infection can occur if bacteria from the vagina or the cervix get into the uterus after an abortion.
Hemorrhage some bleeding after an abortion is normal.
Damage to the uterus during a surgical abortion, the tip of a device may pass through (perforate) the wall of the uterus or tear the cervix. If this happens, further surgery may be needed. Other organs, such as the bowel and bladder, also can be injured if this occurs.
Death the risk of death from abortion is lower than 1 in 100,000 women who have suction curettage. For women who have a medical abortion, the risk of death is about 1 in 100,000.