Pleural effusion cytology is challenging due to overlap between reactive and malignant processes. Pulmonary transplant patients are immunosuppressed, and at higher risk for both malignant and infectious conditions. This study evaluates atypia in pleural effusions from lung transplantation patients. All patients who underwent lung transplantation and had a post-transplant pleural fluid for cytologic examination were included. The initial cytologic interpretation was recorded, and the slides were reviewed for morphologic features.
citation:Chute D, Aramouni G, Cash B, Croyle M (2014) Atypia in Pleural Effusions after Lung Transplantation. J Cytol Histol 5:261