The black cotton soils of Adilabad district of Telangana are moderately deep to very deep, clayey and moderate to moderately well drained with slow permeability and low hydraulic conductivity. Soils have swell shrink characteristic and crack during summer. The moisture retention capacity is high. The early rainfall enters into the soil through cracks and once the cracks are closed the water stagnation occurs due to slow permeability. The Red sandy loam soils have light surface texture and gravelliness with kaolinite clay mineralogy resulting in poor water holding capacity. Surface crusting is common problem in this soil. The low water-holding capacity does not permit post-rainy season cropping without irrigation. Surface soils are denuded and subject to serious erosion problems by runoff process.
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