alexa Extracellular Matrix of Animal Cells

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Extracellular Matrix of Animal Cells
Most animal cells release materials into the extracellular space. The primary components of these materials are proteins. Collagen is the most abundant of the proteins. Its fibers are interwoven with carbohydrate-containing protein molecules called proteoglycans. Collectively, these materials are called the extracellular matrix . Not only does the extracellular matrix hold the cells together to form a tissue, but it also allows the cells within the tissue to communicate with each other.

Source: Boundless. “Extracellular Matrix of Animal Cells.” Boundless Biology. Boundless, 03 Jul. 2014. Retrieved 13 May. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/biology/textbooks/boundless-biology-textbook/cell-structure-4/connections-between-cells-and-cellular-activities-63/extracellular-matrix-of-animal-cells-324-11461/
Most animal cells release materials into the extracellular space. The primary components of these materials are proteins. Collagen is the most abundant of the proteins. Its fibers are interwoven with carbohydrate-containing protein molecules called proteoglycans. Collectively, these materials are called the extracellular matrix . Not only does the extracellular matrix hold the cells together to form a tissue, but it also allows the cells within the tissue to communicate with each other.

Source: Boundless. “Extracellular Matrix of Animal Cells.” Boundless Biology. Boundless, 03 Jul. 2014. Retrieved 13 May. 2015 from https://www.boundless.com/biology/textbooks/boundless-biology-textbook/cell-structure-4/connections-between-cells-and-cellular-activities-63/extracellular-matrix-of-animal-cells-324-11461/

 

Most animal cells release materials into the extracellular space. The primary components of these materials are proteins. Collagen is the most abundant of the proteins. Its fibers are interwoven with carbohydrate-containing protein molecules called proteoglycans. Collectively, these materials are called the extracellular matrix . Not only does the extracellular matrix hold the cells together to form a tissue, but it also allows the cells within the tissue to communicate with each other.

How does this cell communication occur? Cells have protein receptors on the extracellular surfaces of their plasma membranes. When a molecule within the matrix binds to the receptor, it changes the molecular structure of the receptor. The receptor, in turn, changes the conformation of the microfilaments positioned just inside the plasma membrane. These conformational changes induce chemical signals inside the cell that reach the nucleus and turn "on" or "off" the transcription of specific sections of DNA. This affects the production of associated proteins, thus changing the activities within the cell.

 

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