The schizophrenic disorders are characterized in general by fundamental and characteristic distortions of thinking and perception, and affects that are inappropriate or blunted. Clear consciousness and intellectual capacity are usually maintained although certain cognitive deficits may evolve in the course of time.
The most important psychopathological phenomena include
Schizophrenia is defined by a group of characteristic positive and negative symptoms, deterioration in social, occupational, or interpersonal relationships, continuous signs of the disturbance for at least 6 months.
Schizophrenia occurs with regular frequency nearly everywhere in the world in 1 % of population and begins mainly in young age (mostly around 16 to 25 years).
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