Self-control is the ability to override one’s automatic responses and controlling emotions, thoughts and behavior in cognizance to societal norms . It facilitates adherence to laws and morals. Burgeoning evidences have correlated good self-control to a wider range of effective coping skills, good academic performance and other desirable outcomes . For instance, self-control allows people to suppress prejudices and stereotypes , and make them respond positively to impress others .
The self - control scale, an indicator of learned resourcefulness, in this case assesses the individual’s general repertoire of self-control behavior as well as tendencies to use those behaviors when experiencing everyday problems or daily hassles.
Literature suggests that, self-control when coupled with good diet, in stressful circumstances tend to influence one’s coping skills. This implied that self-control relied on some form of a limited energy resource. An inter-relationship of metabolism has clarified the idea that any food intake (e.g. carbohydrate, proteins, or lipids) could generate this energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Glucose, being the precursor of carbohydrate can also be generated from the non-carbohydrate sources (e.g. proteins and lipids); and the brain solely depends on this glucose for functioning. This therefore, is consistent to laboratory studies that indicated that after subjects completed an initial self-control task, they performed worse on a second self-control task compared to participants whose initial task did not require self-control. In another study, resisting the temptation to eat cookies caused some participants to give up faster on a frustrating task. Therefore, if academic examinations are perceived by unprepared students as frustrating events, then, it would be a good model to investigate the indicators of learned resourcefulness and its associations with academic performance in students; hence the focus.