A newly designed downdraft wood stove achieved low-emission heating by integrating an alumina-supported mixed metal oxide catalyst in the combustion chamber operated under high temperature conditions. In the first step, a catalyst screening has been carried out with a lab-scale plug flow reactor in order to identify the potentially active mixed metal oxide catalysts. Mixed metal oxide catalysts have been the center of attention because of their expected high temperature stability and activity. The catalyst has been synthesized through two novel routes, and it has been integrated into a downdraft wood stove. The alumina-supported mixed metal oxide catalyst reduced the volatile hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and carbonaceous aerosols by more than 60%.
Bindig R, Butt S, Hartmann I (2013) Emission Abatement at Small-Scale Biomass Combustion Unit with High-Temperature Catalysts. J Thermodyn Catal 4:125.