Analytical scientists commonly face a wide range of questions when using instrumental analytical tools, such as their applicability, analytical figures of merit, measurement uncertainty issues, availability of reference materials, understanding of samples, and last but not least â€“ whether an analysis is cost-effective. In so far as all these factors are not either at conflict or troublesome in any way, then a (geo) chemist is lucky: they are free to choose what should be measured without worrying how to measure it. If complex natural materials are to be investigated, a new set of tools and techniques is becoming available. Hereby, geoanalysis has evolved rapidly in the past decades while shifting towards other disciplines and changing research foci. As comparability of analytical measurements made on geological materials has been widely recognised, current trends are multi-analytical approaches estimating the uncertainties of these measurements.