Thyroid Disease: Medications for Hypothyroidism The goal of medication therapy to treat hypothyroidism is to supply the body with enough of the thyroid hormone it needs to function properly. Since hypothyroidism prevents the thyroid gland from producing enough, a synthetic hormone pill made in a laboratory can be taken each day to supplement the insufficient hormone production. Thyroid Disease: Medications for Hyperthyroidism Medications can be used to try to control hyperthyroidism as well. The medications prescribed for this purpose are called anti-thyroid medications and include: • Tapazole (methimazole) • Propylthiouracil, or PTU People with hyperthyroidism may also be prescribed a beta blocker — not to treat the thyroid disease, but to manage its symptoms. Hyperthyroidism can cause increased heart rate, tremors, nervousness, and anxiety. Beta blockers that are commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure, such as Inderal (propranolol), Tenormin (atenolol), and Lopressor (metoprolol), can successfully control these symptoms as well.
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