Fractures and degenerative diseases of the bone segments are most of the chronic and traumatic disease. These diseases have had a considerable increase in recent years and will have a further growth. The increase in the average age of the patients and the increase in traffic accidents are the primary cause. It is often necessary to perform surgery to repair the bone segment (osteosynthesis) or to replace the degenerate and non-functional joints (prosthesis).
The biomaterials used in orthopedic and trauma science are devices that are implanted in the human body allowing you to restore joint function or to heal a fracture. The human body is a living, dynamic, corrosive environment and therefore the engineers have had to evolve their knowledge and their research into materials with mechanical and chemical properties similar to those of human tissues.