As we know the benefit of developing Magnetic Resonance Imaging technologies have led to significant changes in the radiological diagnostic criteria of the Spinal Cord Injury without Radiological Abnormality (SCIWORA). The aims of this study were to report an adolescent case with pure SCIWORA and to clarify its definition in the literature. A 16 year-old adolescent patient with thoracolumbar SCIWORA together with a pelvic fracture after a vehicle accident was presented in this case report. In neurological examination, both extremities were graded as Frankel type A. The X-ray and Magnetic Resonance Imaging revealed the right ischium-superior pubic ramus fracture and only edema of the spinal cord at T12, L1 and L2 vertebral levels, subsequently. A high dose of methyl-prednisolone was administered. Pelvic fracture was promptly fixed with an external fixator. After a follow-up period of two years, the neurological status of the patient showed progression to Frankel B. The patient continues to his life with wheelchair. As a result an adolescent case with SCIWORA that fulfills all its original criteria was reported and a review of the literature was discussed in this study. In order to describe this special pathology, SCIWORA seems still to be the best ideal term.