Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is in malignant form in Asian Indians because it affects younger age group (<40 yrs), so the risk factors for the same might appears at an earlier age. Hypertension is an increasingly important medical and public health issue because it is one of the important risk factor for the CVD.
The prevalence of hypertension increases with advanced age to the point where more than half of people aged 60 to 69 years old and approximately three fourth of those aged 70 years and older are affected. Data from observational studies involving more than 1 million individuals have indicated that death from ischemic heart disease and stroke increases progressively and linearly from blood pressure (BP) level as low as 115 mmHg of systolic and 75 mmHg of diastolic.
For every 20 mmHg systolic or 10 mmHg diastolic increase in BP, there is doubling of mortality from both ischemic heart disease and stroke. The increased risks are present in all age groups ranging from 40 years to 89 years old. Earlier reports also suggest that the prevalence of hypertension is rapidly increasing in developing countries and is one of the leading causes of death and disability.
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