A long traditional debate has been going on regarding the mental health effects of trauma in psychiatry. Pathological stress response syndromes have been known to result from exposure to war, sexual assault and other types of trauma. Evidence for post-traumatic reactions date back as far as the Sixth century B.C.; early documentation typically involved the reactions of soldiers in combat. Beginning in the 17thcentury, anecdotal evidence of trauma exposure and subsequent responses were more frequently reported. In 1666, Samuel Pepys wrote about individual’s responses to the Great Fire of London [1-3].
In the context of current turmoil prevalent worldwide, no age group is immune from exposure to trauma, and its consequences . The National Co morbidity Survey in America estimated the lifetime exposure to any trauma among men and women at 60.7% and 51.2% respectively . Similarly, the Australian National Mental Health Survey reported the lifetime exposure to trauma among men and women at 64.6% and 49.5% respectively . Lesser epidemiological studies on trauma in general populations have emerged from poor and economically developing countries, although some recent research has began to improve our understanding of trauma in poor, war torn countries [6-8].
Citation: Dar MA, Wani RA, Margoob MA, Haq I, Chandel RK et al., (2015) Role of Early Childhood Traumatic Stress in the Development of PTSD in Adulthood: A Review. J Psychiatry 18:264 doi: 10.4172/Psychiatry.1000264